﻿ P4250 [SCOI2015]小凸想跑步

题解：

(vec {A_0A_1} imes vec{A_0P} <vec{A_iA_{i+1}} imes vec {A_iP})（满足叉积都是正的）

((x_1-x_0,y_1-y_0) imes (x-x_0,y-y_0) < (x_{i+1}-x_i,y_{i+1}-y_i) imes (x-x_i,y-y_i))

((x_1-x_0)(y-y_0) - (x-x_0)(y_1-y_0) < (x_{i+1}-x_i)(y-y_i) - (x-x_i) (y_{i+1}-y_i))

(x_1y-x_1y_0-x_0y+x_0y_0 - (xy_1-xy_0-x_0y_1+x_0y_0) < x_{i+1}y - x_{i+1}y_i- x_iy + x_iy_i - (xy_{i+1} - xy_i - x_{i}y_{i+1} + x_iy_i))

\$x_1y-x_1y_0-x_0y-xy_1+xy_0+x_0y_1 < x_{i+1}y-x_{i+1}y_i - x_iy - xy_{i+1} + xy_i + x_iy_{i+1} \$

\$(y_0-y_1) x + (x_1-x_0)y + x_0y_1 - x_1y_0 < (y_i-y_{i+1})x + (x_{i+1}-x_i)y + x_iy_{i+1} -x_{i+1}y_i \$

((y_0-y_1-y_i+y_{i+1})x + (x_1-x_0-x_{i+1}+x_i)y + x_0y_1-x_1y_0 + x_{i+1}y_{i} - x_iy_{i+1} < 0)

((y_1-y_0-y_{i+1}+y_i) x + (x_0-x_1 - x_i+x_{i+1})y + x_1 y_0-x_0y_1 + x_{i}y_{i+1} - x_{i+1}y_{i} > 0)

``````#include<iostream>
#include<cstdio>
#include<algorithm>
#include<cmath>
using namespace std;
const int N = 2e5+10;
const double eps = 1e-8;
int n,l,r,cnt,top;
double ans1,ans2;
struct point
{
double x,y;
point(){}
point(double a,double b){x = a, y = b;}
}p[N],sta[N],Ans[N];
typedef point Vector;
struct line
{
point x,v;
double ang;
line(){}
line(point a,point b)
{
x = a; v = b;
ang = atan2(b.y,b.x);
}
}L[N],q[N];
int dcmp(double x)
{
if(fabs(x) < eps) return 0;
return x > 0 ? 1 : -1;
}
point operator + (point a,point b){return point(a.x+b.x,a.y+b.y);}
point operator - (point a,point b){return point(a.x-b.x,a.y-b.y);}
point operator * (point a,double k){return point(a.x*k,a.y*k);}
double Dot(point a,point b){return a.x*b.x+a.y*b.y;}
double Cro(point a,point b){return a.x*b.y-a.y*b.x;}
double dis(point a,point b){return sqrt((a.x-b.x)*(a.x-b.x) + (a.y-b.y)*(a.y-b.y));}
bool OnRight(point p,line s){return dcmp(Cro(p-s.x,s.v)) >= 0;}
point Root_LL(line a,line b)
{
Vector v = a.v, u = b.v, w = a.x-b.x;
double t = Cro(w,u) / Cro(u,v);
return a.x + v * t;
}
bool comp(line a,line b)
{
if(dcmp(a.ang-b.ang) == 0) return OnRight(b.x,a);
return a.ang < b.ang;
}
void HPI()
{
sort(L+1,L+cnt+1,comp);
l = 1, r = 1, q[1] = L[1];
for(int i = 2; i <= cnt; i++)
{
if(dcmp(L[i].ang-L[i-1].ang) == 0) continue;
while(l < r && OnRight(sta[r-1],L[i])) r--;
while(l < r && OnRight(sta[l],L[i])) l++;
q[++r] = L[i];
if(l < r) sta[r-1] = Root_LL(q[r],q[r-1]);
}
while(l < r && OnRight(sta[r-1],q[l])) r--;
while(l < r && OnRight(sta[l],q[r])) l++;
sta[r] = Root_LL(q[l],q[r]);
for(int i = l; i <= r; i++) Ans[++top] = sta[i];
}
int main()
{
scanf("%d",&n);
for(int i = 0; i < n; i++) scanf("%lf%lf",&p[i].x,&p[i].y);
for(int i = 1; i < n; i++) ans1 += Cro(p[i]-p[0],p[(i+1)%n]-p[0]);
for(int i = 0; i < n; i++) L[++cnt] = line(p[i],p[(i+1)%n]-p[i]);
for(int i = 1; i < n; i++)
{
int t = (i+1) % n;
double A = p[0].y - p[1].y - p[i].y + p[t].y;
double B = p[1].x - p[0].x - p[t].x + p[i].x;
double C = p[0].x * p[1].y - p[1].x * p[0].y + p[t].x * p[i].y - p[i].x * p[t].y;
if(dcmp(B) == 0) L[++cnt] = line(point(-C/A,0),point(-B,A));
else L[++cnt] = line(point(0,-C/B),point(-B,A));
}
HPI();
for(int i = 2; i < top; i++) ans2 += Cro(Ans[i]-Ans[1],Ans[i+1]-Ans[1]);
printf("%.4lf
",ans2/ans1);
return 0;
}
``````