vue 剪切图片上传头像,使用 cropperjs 实现

我使用的是vue,移动端的项目。

官网地址:cropperjs

GitHub地址:https://github.com/fengyuanchen/cropperjs/blob/master/README.md

先看效果图,不然没有吸引力啊!!哈哈

这里只记录使用方法,至于怎么实现和要修改一些参数,大家前往官网api了解。

首先我们先安装 npm install cropperjs exif-js 

新建一个文件 存放cropperjs 处理图片的方法(我放到了 static 文件下的 clipper.js 文件下了)

import Cropper from 'cropperjs'
import Exif from 'exif-js'
export default {
  install( Vue ){
    //初始化方法
    Vue.prototype.initilize = function( opt ){
      let self = this;
      this.options = opt;
      //创建dom
      this.createElement();
      this.resultObj = opt.resultObj;
      //初始化裁剪对象
      this.cropper = new Cropper( this.preview , {
        aspectRatio : opt.aspectRatio || 1 ,
        autoCropArea : opt.autoCropArea || 0.8 ,
        viewMode : 1,
        guides : opt.aspectRatio == 'Free' ? false : true ,
        cropBoxResizable : opt.aspectRatio == 'Free' ? false : true ,
        cropBoxMovable : opt.aspectRatio == 'Free' ? false : true ,
        dragCrop : opt.aspectRatio == 'Free' ? false : true ,
        background : false,
        checkOrientation : true ,
        checkCrossOrigin : true ,
        zoomable : false,
        zoomOnWheel : false ,
        center : false ,
        toggleDragModeOnDblclick : false ,
        ready : function () {
          // console.log(self.cropper.rotate(90))
          if( opt.aspectRatio == 'Free' ){
            let cropBox = self.cropper.cropBox;
            cropBox.querySelector('span.cropper-view-box').style.outline = 'none';
            self.cropper.disable();
          }
        }
      });
    }
    //创建一些必要的DOM,用于图片裁剪
    Vue.prototype.createElement = function () {
      //初始化图片为空对象
      this.preview = null;

      let str = '<div><img id="clip_image" src="originUrl"></div><button type="button" id="cancel_clip">取消</button><button type="button" id="clip_button">确定</button>';
      str+= '<div class="crop_loading"><div class="crop_content"><img src="../static/loading.gif"><div class="crop_text">图片上传中</div></div></div>';
      str+= '<div class="crop_success"><div class="crop_success_text">上传成功</div></div></div>';

      let body = document.getElementsByTagName('body')[0];
      this.reagion = document.createElement('div');
      this.reagion.id = 'clip_container';
      this.reagion.className = 'container';
      this.reagion.innerHTML = str;
      //添加创建好的DOM元素
      body.appendChild(this.reagion);
      this.preview = document.getElementById('clip_image');

      //绑定一些方法
      this.initFunction();
    }
    //初始化一些函数绑定
    Vue.prototype.initFunction = function  () {
      let self =this;
      this.clickBtn = document.getElementById('clip_button');
      this.cancelBtn = document.getElementById('cancel_clip');
      //确定事件
      this.addEvent( this.clickBtn , 'click' , function () {
        self.crop();
      })
      //取消事件
      this.addEvent( this.cancelBtn , 'click' , function () {
        self.destoried();
      })
      //清空input的值
      this.addEvent( this.fileObj , 'click' , function () {
        this.value = '';
      })
    }

    //外部接口,用于input['file']对象change时的调用
    Vue.prototype.clip = function ( e , opt ) {
      let self = this;

      this.fileObj = e.srcElement;

      let files = e.target.files || e.dataTransfer.files;

      if (!files.length) return false;  //不是图片直接返回

      //调用初始化方法
      this.initilize( opt );

      //获取图片文件资源
      this.picValue = files[0];

      //去获取拍照时的信息,解决拍出来的照片旋转问题
      // Exif.getData( files[0] , function(){
      //   self.Orientation = Exif.getTag( files[0], 'Orientation');
      //   console.log(self.Orientation)
      // });


      //调用方法转成url格式
      this.originUrl = this.getObjectURL( this.picValue );

      //每次替换图片要重新得到新的url
      if(this.cropper){
        this.cropper.replace(this.originUrl);
      }

    }
    //图片转码方法
    Vue.prototype.getObjectURL = function(file) {
      let url = null ;
      if (window.createObjectURL!=undefined) { // basic
        url = window.createObjectURL(file) ;
      } else if (window.URL!=undefined) { // mozilla(firefox)
        url = window.URL.createObjectURL(file) ;
      } else if (window.webkitURL!=undefined) { // webkit or chrome
        url = window.webkitURL.createObjectURL(file) ;
      }
      return url ;
    }
    //点击确定进行裁剪
    Vue.prototype.crop  = function () {
      let self = this;
      let image = new Image();
      let croppedCanvas;
      let roundedCanvas;

      // Crop
      document.querySelector('.crop_loading').style.display = 'block';

      setTimeout(function () {
        croppedCanvas = self.cropper.getCroppedCanvas();
        // Round
        roundedCanvas = self.getRoundedCanvas(croppedCanvas);

        let imgData = roundedCanvas.toDataURL();
        image.src = imgData;

        //判断图片是否大于100k,不大于直接上传,反之压缩
        if( imgData.length < (100 * 1024) ){
          self.resultObj.src = imgData;
          //图片上传
          self.postImg( imgData );

        }else{
          image.onload = function () {
            //压缩处理
            let data = self.compress( image , self.Orientation );
            self.resultObj.src = data;
            //图片上传
            self.postImg( data );
          }
        }
      },20)
    }
    //获取裁剪图片资源
    Vue.prototype.getRoundedCanvas = function(sourceCanvas) {

      let canvas = document.createElement('canvas');
      let context = canvas.getContext('2d');
      let width = sourceCanvas.width;
      let height = sourceCanvas.height;

      canvas.width = width;
      canvas.height = height;

      context.imageSmoothingEnabled = true;
      context.drawImage(sourceCanvas, 0, 0, width, height);
      context.globalCompositeOperation = 'destination-in';
      context.beginPath();
      context.rect(0 , 0 , width , height );
      context.fill();

      return canvas;
    }
    //销毁原来的对象
    Vue.prototype.destoried = function () {
      let self = this;
      //移除事件
      this.removeEvent( this.clickBtn , 'click' , null );
      this.removeEvent( this.cancelBtn , 'click' , null );
      this.removeEvent( this.fileObj , 'click' , null );
      //移除裁剪框
      this.reagion.parentNode.removeChild(this.reagion);

      //销毁裁剪对象
      this.cropper.destroy();
      this.cropper = null;
    }
    //图片上传
    Vue.prototype.postImg = function( imageData ) {
      //这边写图片的上传
      let self = this;
      self.destoried();

      window.setTimeout( function () {
        document.querySelector('.crop_loading').style.display = 'none';
        document.querySelector('.crop_success').style.display = 'block';
        //裁剪完后摧毁对象
          self.destoried();
      },3000)
    }

    //图片旋转
    Vue.prototype.rotateImg = function( img ,  direction , canvas ) {
      //最小与最大旋转方向,图片旋转4次后回到原方向
      const min_step = 0;
      const max_step = 3;
      if (img == null )return;
      //img的高度和宽度不能在img元素隐藏后获取,否则会出错
      let height = img.height;
      let width = img.width;
      let step = 2;
      if (step == null) {
        step = min_step;
      }
      if ( direction == 'right') {
        step++;
        //旋转到原位置,即超过最大值
        step > max_step && (step = min_step);
      } else {
        step--;
        step < min_step && (step = max_step);
      }
      //旋转角度以弧度值为参数
      let degree = step * 90 * Math.PI / 180;
      let ctx = canvas.getContext('2d');
      switch (step) {
        case 0:
          canvas.width = width;
          canvas.height = height;
          ctx.drawImage(img, 0, 0);
          break;
        case 1:
          canvas.width = height;
          canvas.height = width;
          ctx.rotate(degree);
          ctx.drawImage(img, 0, -height);
          break;
        case 2:
          canvas.width = width;
          canvas.height = height;
          ctx.rotate(degree);
          ctx.drawImage(img, -width, -height);
          break;
        case 3:
          canvas.width = height;
          canvas.height = width;
          ctx.rotate(degree);
          ctx.drawImage(img, -width, 0);
          break;
      }
    }

    //图片压缩
    Vue.prototype.compress = function ( img , Orientation ) {
      let canvas = document.createElement("canvas");
      let ctx = canvas.getContext('2d');
      //瓦片canvas
      let tCanvas = document.createElement("canvas");
      let tctx = tCanvas.getContext("2d");
      let initSize = img.src.length;
      let width = img.width;
      let height = img.height;

      //如果图片大于四百万像素,计算压缩比并将大小压至400万以下
      let ratio;
      if ((ratio = width * height / 4000000) > 1) {
        console.log("大于400万像素")
        ratio = Math.sqrt(ratio);
        width /= ratio;
        height /= ratio;
      } else {
        ratio = 1;
      }
      canvas.width = width;
      canvas.height = height;
      //        铺底色
      ctx.fillStyle = "#fff";
      ctx.fillRect(0, 0, canvas.width, canvas.height);
      //如果图片像素大于100万则使用瓦片绘制
      let count;
      if ((count = width * height / 1000000) > 1) {
        count = ~~(Math.sqrt(count) + 1); //计算要分成多少块瓦片
        //            计算每块瓦片的宽和高
        let nw = ~~(width / count);
        let nh = ~~(height / count);
        tCanvas.width = nw;
        tCanvas.height = nh;
        for (let i = 0; i < count; i++) {
          for (let j = 0; j < count; j++) {
            tctx.drawImage(img, i * nw * ratio, j * nh * ratio, nw * ratio, nh * ratio, 0, 0, nw, nh);
            ctx.drawImage(tCanvas, i * nw, j * nh, nw, nh);
          }
        }
      } else {
        ctx.drawImage(img, 0, 0, width, height);
      }
      //修复ios上传图片的时候 被旋转的问题
      if( Orientation != "" && Orientation != 1){
        switch(Orientation){
          case 6://需要顺时针(向左)90度旋转
            this.rotateImg(img,'left',canvas);
            break;
          case 8://需要逆时针(向右)90度旋转
            this.rotateImg(img,'right',canvas);
            break;
          case 3://需要180度旋转
            this.rotateImg(img,'right',canvas);//转两次
            this.rotateImg(img,'right',canvas);
            break;
        }
      }
      //进行最小压缩
      let ndata = canvas.toDataURL( 'image/jpeg' , 0.1);
      console.log('压缩前:' + initSize);
      console.log('压缩后:' + ndata.length);
      console.log('压缩率:' + ~~(100 * (initSize - ndata.length) / initSize) + "%");
      tCanvas.width = tCanvas.height = canvas.width = canvas.height = 0;

      return ndata;
    }

    //添加事件
    Vue.prototype.addEvent = function ( obj , type , fn ) {
      if( obj.addEventListener ){
        obj.addEventListener( type , fn , false );
      }else{
        obj.attachEvent( 'on' + type , fn );
      }
    }
    //移除事件
    Vue.prototype.removeEvent = function ( obj , type , fn ) {
      if( obj.removeEventListener ){
        obj.removeEventListener( type , fn , false );
      }else{
        obj.detachEvent( 'on' + type , fn );
      }
    }
  }
}

在main中引入clipper文件,调用vue,use(clipper)方法使用

// The Vue build version to load with the `import` command
// (runtime-only or standalone) has been set in webpack.base.conf with an alias.
import Vue from 'vue'
import App from './App'
import router from './router'
import clipper from '../static/clipper'

Vue.config.productionTip = false

Vue.use(clipper)

/* eslint-disable no-new */
new Vue({
  el: '#app',
  router,
  template: '<App/>',
  components: { App }
})

组件中调用clipper.js中的方法

<template>
    <div class="hello">
        <img src="./assets/upload.png" alt="" id="img">
        <input type="file" accept="image/jpeg,image/png,image/jpeg" @change="change($event)">
    </div>
</template>

<script>
export default{
  data(){
    return{

    }
  }, 
  methods:{
    change(event){
      let image=document.getElementById('img');
      this.clip(event,{
        resultObj:image,
        aspectRatio:1,
      })
    }
  }
}
</script>

 

然后加上剪切页面的样式,可以放在app.vue中

#clip_button {
  position: absolute;
  right: 10%;
  bottom: 20px;
   80px;
  height: 40px;
  border:none;
  border-radius: 2px;
  background: #1AAD19;
  color: #fff;
}
#cancel_clip{
  position: absolute;
  left: 10%;
  bottom: 20px;
   80px;
  height: 40px;
  border:none;
  border-radius: 2px;
  color: #fff;
  background:#E64340;
}
#clip_container.container {
  z-index: 99;
  position: fixed;
  padding-top: 60px;
  left: 0;
  top: 0;
  right: 0;
  bottom: 0;
  background:rgba(0,0,0,1);
}
#clip_container.container > div{
  position: absolute;
   100%;
  height: 100%;
  top: 50%;
  left: 50%;
  -webkit-transform: translate(-50%,-50%);
  transform: translate(-50%,-50%);
}
#clip_image {
  max- 100%;
}

.cropper-container {
  font-size: 0;
  line-height: 0;
  position: relative;
  -webkit-user-select: none;
  -moz-user-select: none;
  -ms-user-select: none;
  user-select: none;
  direction: ltr;
  -ms-touch-action: none;
  touch-action: none
}
.crop_loading , .crop_success {
  display: none;
  position: fixed;
  top: 0;
  left: 0;
   100%;
  height: 100%;
  z-index: 9;
}
.crop_loading .crop_content{
  position: absolute;
  top: 50% ;
  left: 50%;
  text-align: center;
  background: #000;
  opacity: 0.9;
  height: 100px;
   100px;
  vertical-align: middle;
  color: #fff;
  padding-top: 20px;
  font-size: 16px;
  -webkit-border-radius:3px;
  border-radius:3px;
  -webkit-transform: translate(-50%,-50%);
  transform: translate(-50%,-50%);
}
.crop_loading .crop_content img{
  margin-top: 15px;
  margin-bottom: 10px;
}
.crop_success .crop_success_text{
  position: absolute;
  top: 50% ;
  left: 50%;
  text-align: center;
  background: #000;
  opacity: 0.9;
   120px;
  height: 30px;
  color: #fff;
  line-height: 30px;
  font-size: 16px;
  -webkit-border-radius:3px;
  border-radius:3px;
  -webkit-transform: translate(-50%,-50%);
  transform: translate(-50%,-50%);
}
.cropper-container img {
  /* Avoid margin top issue (Occur only when margin-top <= -height) */
  display: block;
  min- 0 !important;
  max- none !important;
  min-height: 0 !important;
  max-height: none !important;
   100%;
  height: 100%;
  image-orientation: 0deg
}

.cropper-wrap-box,
.cropper-canvas,
.cropper-drag-box,
.cropper-crop-box,
.cropper-modal {
  position: absolute;
  top: 0;
  right: 0;
  bottom: 0;
  left: 0;
}

.cropper-wrap-box {
  overflow: hidden;
}

.cropper-drag-box {
  opacity: 0;
  background-color: #fff;
}

.cropper-modal {
  opacity: .5;
  background-color: #000;
}

.cropper-view-box {
  display: block;
  overflow: hidden;

   100%;
  height: 100%;

  outline: 1px solid #39f;
  outline-color: rgba(51, 153, 255, 0.75);
}

.cropper-dashed {
  position: absolute;

  display: block;

  opacity: .5;
  border: 0 dashed #eee
}

.cropper-dashed.dashed-h {
  top: 33.33333%;
  left: 0;
   100%;
  height: 33.33333%;
  border-top- 1px;
  border-bottom- 1px
}

.cropper-dashed.dashed-v {
  top: 0;
  left: 33.33333%;
   33.33333%;
  height: 100%;
  border-right- 1px;
  border-left- 1px
}

.cropper-center {
  position: absolute;
  top: 50%;
  left: 50%;

  display: block;

   0;
  height: 0;

  opacity: .75
}

.cropper-center:before,
.cropper-center:after {
  position: absolute;
  display: block;
  content: ' ';
  background-color: #eee
}

.cropper-center:before {
  top: 0;
  left: -3px;
   7px;
  height: 1px
}

.cropper-center:after {
  top: -3px;
  left: 0;
   1px;
  height: 7px
}

.cropper-face,
.cropper-line,
.cropper-point {
  position: absolute;

  display: block;

   100%;
  height: 100%;

  opacity: .1;
}

.cropper-face {
  top: 0;
  left: 0;

  background-color: #fff;
}

.cropper-line {
  background-color: #39f
}

.cropper-line.line-e {
  top: 0;
  right: -3px;
   5px;
  cursor: e-resize
}

.cropper-line.line-n {
  top: -3px;
  left: 0;
  height: 5px;
  cursor: n-resize
}

.cropper-line.line-w {
  top: 0;
  left: -3px;
   5px;
  cursor: w-resize
}

.cropper-line.line-s {
  bottom: -3px;
  left: 0;
  height: 5px;
  cursor: s-resize
}

.cropper-point {
   5px;
  height: 5px;

  opacity: .75;
  background-color: #39f
}

.cropper-point.point-e {
  top: 50%;
  right: -3px;
  margin-top: -3px;
  cursor: e-resize
}

.cropper-point.point-n {
  top: -3px;
  left: 50%;
  margin-left: -3px;
  cursor: n-resize
}

.cropper-point.point-w {
  top: 50%;
  left: -3px;
  margin-top: -3px;
  cursor: w-resize
}

.cropper-point.point-s {
  bottom: -3px;
  left: 50%;
  margin-left: -3px;
  cursor: s-resize
}

.cropper-point.point-ne {
  top: -3px;
  right: -3px;
  cursor: ne-resize
}

.cropper-point.point-nw {
  top: -3px;
  left: -3px;
  cursor: nw-resize
}

.cropper-point.point-sw {
  bottom: -3px;
  left: -3px;
  cursor: sw-resize
}

.cropper-point.point-se {
  right: -3px;
  bottom: -3px;
   20px;
  height: 20px;
  cursor: se-resize;
  opacity: 1
}

@media (min- 768px) {

  .cropper-point.point-se {
     15px;
    height: 15px
  }
}

@media (min- 992px) {

  .cropper-point.point-se {
     10px;
    height: 10px
  }
}

@media (min- 1200px) {

  .cropper-point.point-se {
     5px;
    height: 5px;
    opacity: .75
  }
}

.cropper-point.point-se:before {
  position: absolute;
  right: -50%;
  bottom: -50%;
  display: block;
   200%;
  height: 200%;
  content: ' ';
  opacity: 0;
  background-color: #39f
}

.cropper-invisible {
  opacity: 0;
}

.cropper-bg {
  background-image: url('data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAABAAAAAQAQMAAAAlPW0iAAAAA3NCSVQICAjb4U/gAAAABlBMVEXMzMz////TjRV2AAAACXBIWXMAAArrAAAK6wGCiw1aAAAAHHRFWHRTb2Z0d2FyZQBBZG9iZSBGaXJld29ya3MgQ1M26LyyjAAAABFJREFUCJlj+M/AgBVhF/0PAH6/D/HkDxOGAAAAAElFTkSuQmCC');
}

.cropper-hide {
  position: absolute;

  display: block;

   0;
  height: 0;
}

.cropper-hidden {
  display: none !important;
}

.cropper-move {
  cursor: move;
}

.cropper-crop {
  cursor: crosshair;
}

.cropper-disabled .cropper-drag-box,
.cropper-disabled .cropper-face,
.cropper-disabled .cropper-line,
.cropper-disabled .cropper-point {
  cursor: not-allowed;
}

恭喜你又成功,搬运了一次代码!!!

clipper
原文地址:https://www.cnblogs.com/liangziaha/p/11962061.html