angular学习笔记(十四)-$watch(2)

下面来看一个$watch的比较复杂的例子:

还是回到http://www.cnblogs.com/liulangmao/p/3700919.html一开始讲的购物车例子,

给它添加一个计算总价和折扣的功能,如果总价超过500,则优惠10%:

代码如下:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html ng-app>
<head>
  <title>11.1$watch监控数据变化</title>
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <script src="../angular.js"></script>
  <script src="script.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<div ng-controller="CartController">
  <h1>your shopping cart</h1>
  <table>
    <tr ng-repeat="item in items">
      <td>{{item.title}}</td>
      <td><input ng-model="item.quantity"/></td>
      <td>{{item.price|currency}}</td>
      <td class="red">{{item.price*item.quantity|currency}}</td>
      <td><button ng-click="remove($index)">remove</button></td>
    </tr>
  </table>
  <hr>
  <table>
    <tr>
      <td>总价: <span class="del">{{bill.all|currency}}</span></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>折扣: <span class="red">{{bill.discount|currency}}</span></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>现价: <span class="green">{{bill.now|currency}}</span></td>
    </tr>
  </table>
</div>
</body>
</html>
function CartController ($scope) {
    $scope.items = [
        {"title":"兔子","quantity":1,"price":"100"},
        {"title":"喵","quantity":2,"price":"200"},
        {"title":"狗只","quantity":1,"price":"400"},
        {"title":"仓鼠","quantity":1,"price":"300"}
    ];
    $scope.remove = function(index){
        $scope.items.splice(index,1)
    };
    $scope.bill = {
        "all":0,
        "discount":0,
        "now":0
    };
    $scope.compute = function(){
        var total = 0;
        for(var i=0; i<$scope.items.length; i++){
            total += $scope.items[i].quantity*$scope.items[i].price;
        }
        $scope.bill.all = total;
        $scope.bill.discount = total >= 500 ? total*0.1 : 0 ;
        $scope.bill.now = $scope.bill.all - $scope.bill.discount
    };
    $scope.$watch('items',$scope.compute,true);
}

把需要计算的三个数据: 总价,折扣,现价,放在一个bill对象中,

监测商品列表items数组的变化,设置$watch的第三个参数为true,这样,商品的数据一旦发生变化,就会调用compute方法,重新计算bill对象中的三个数据

这个例子的js还可以写成这样:

function CartController ($scope) {
    $scope.items = [
        {"title":"兔子","quantity":1,"price":"100"},
        {"title":"喵","quantity":2,"price":"200"},
        {"title":"狗只","quantity":1,"price":"400"},
        {"title":"仓鼠","quantity":1,"price":"300"}
    ];
    $scope.remove = function(index){
        $scope.items.splice(index,1)
    };
    $scope.bill = {
        "all":0,
        "discount":0,
        "now":0
    };
    $scope.compute = function(){
        var total = 0;
        for(var i=0; i<$scope.items.length; i++){
            total += $scope.items[i].quantity*$scope.items[i].price;
        }
        $scope.bill.all = total;
        $scope.bill.discount = total >= 500 ? total*0.1 : 0 ;
        $scope.bill.now = $scope.bill.all - $scope.bill.discount
    };
    $scope.$watch($scope.compute);
}

差别只有最后一句红色的代码,把$watch的第一个参数从原来的items数组直接改为compute函数.也就是上一篇http://www.cnblogs.com/liulangmao/p/3722885.html讲到的$watch第一个参数的第4种情况.

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遗留问题同上一篇,不清楚直接在$watch的第一个参数中传入函数时,究竟在监测什么东西的变化.

原文地址:https://www.cnblogs.com/liulangmao/p/3723385.html